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Wednesday, July 29, 2020 | History

2 edition of Directives and indirectness found in the catalog.

Directives and indirectness

Martin Aitken

Directives and indirectness

the semantics and pragmatics of instructional discourse

by Martin Aitken

  • 365 Want to read
  • 14 Currently reading

Published by Institut for Fransk, Italiensk og Russisk, Handelshøjskolen i København in Frederiksberg .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Discourse analysis.,
  • Pragmatics.,
  • Semantics.

  • Edition Notes

    StatementMartin Aitken.
    SeriesCopenhagen working papers in LSP -- v. 8-1999/2000, Copenhagen working papers in LSP -- v. 8.
    ContributionsHandelshøjskolen i København. Institut for Fransk, Italiensk og Russisk.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsP325 .A38 2000
    The Physical Object
    Paginationii, 280 p.
    Number of Pages280
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL19247024M

    T1 - Politeness and in-directness across cultures. T2 - Journal of Politeness Research. AU - Ogiermann, Eva. PY - /1. Y1 - /1. N2 - This paper provides some (more) insights into cross-cultural variation in speech act realization by analyzing English, German, Polish and Russian requests. This paper investigates the use of grammatical forms in directive sequences by drawing on daily interactions between colleagues in a medical laboratory in Hong Kong. From a conversation analytic perspective, we focus on how directives in Cantonese are commonly formulated and how the force of a directive is mitigated. Our analysis shows that (1) the imperative seems to be the .

      Where students’ directives to teachers mainly consist of requests for information, directives to peers during pair or group work also include demands for action which are often expressed directly (e.g. don't boilit; Sampoget outof the way; giveme that book). Extract 16 is an example from a classroom where directives by students outnumber Cited by: Yet, in contrast to what efficient might implicate, the actual language use is rather characterized by "indirectness and the flouting of Gricean maxims" (Blum-Kulka 50), than by clear and direct expressions. One of the main reasons for this process lies within the concept of politeness: Since, roughly speaking, the more indirect a request.

    This readable book presents a new general theoretical understanding of politeness. It offers an account of a wide range of politeness phenomena in English, illustrated by hundreds of examples of actual language use taken largely from authentic British and American sources. Building on his earlier pioneering work on politeness, Geoffrey Leech takes a pragmatic approach that is . Directives: These speech acts are used to relay an order, command or request. Directive acts demand or order. Directive acts demand or order. For example, Go to the store, Tamara.


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Directives and indirectness by Martin Aitken Download PDF EPUB FB2

The request is a much-studied speech event that manifests the Tact Maxim and evinces an amazing variety of indirectness strategies in English.

This chapter focuses on pragmalinguistic rather than the sociopragmatic variations of "request territory." Apart from direct directives in the form of imperatives or performatives, a major division of indirectness strategies occurs. This chapter presents a goal-oriented approach to communication, in which both the speaker and the hearer engage in problem solving to arrive at pragmatic meaning.

Especially in explaining indirectness and negative politeness, it returns to the foundations of modern Anglo-American pragmatics in the thinking of (in particular) Paul Grice and John Searle, bringing these two.

The mechanics of indirectness: A case study of directive speech acts. for directives include an ontology consisting in graded features, the values of which differ across the subtypes of.

To overcome this paradox, historians of language from the nineteenth century onwards have generally adopted the Uniformitarian Principle, which holds that our knowledge of present-day processes can be used to explain Abstract 1 On doi/ Indirectness in legal speech acts: An argument against the Out of Ritual hypothesis Cited by: 4.

Disagreeing with Searle ( 64) who claims that "[i]n directives, politeness is the chief motivation for indirectness", Wierzbicka () maintains that. Second, the selection of directives is motivated by those socio-cultural factors that are uniquely relevant to Nepali society. Accordingly, a significant conclusion derived from this study is that politeness does not have to be a function of linguistic indirectness and that the putative link between linguistic indirectness and politeness Cited by: The qualitative analysis of the directives in the most dialogic and most monologic tutorials was carried out collaboratively.

Most universities offer students the opportunity to seek assistance with their academic writing in one-to-one tutorials, which are usually conducted by English for Academic Purposes practitioners or learning advisors.

‘The book as a whole is very clear and well-structured and provides both an overview and critique of existing politeness theories, but perhaps of more importance, he shows that there is nothing inherently polite about particular utterances, it is simply that some utterances may be more open to interpretation as polite than others ’.

In linguistics, a speech act is an utterance defined in terms of a speaker's intention and the effect it has on a listener. Essentially, it is the action that the speaker hopes to provoke in his or her audience. Speech acts might be requests, warnings, promises, apologies, greetings, or any number of : Richard Nordquist.

This chapter addresses how nurse practitioners (NPs) use indirectness to soften the force of medical advice/directives. This is accomplished by using on-record indirectness, in which advice is given with hedges and mitigation, and off-record indirectness, in which advice is hinted at rather than stated outright, and a combination of these : Staci Defibaugh.

explored the directive speech act and its indirectness in the English major examinations collated from Batangas State University. The results revealed that there were 97 forms of directives embedded in the tests.

In terms of power and directness, most directives were deemed firm and moderately direct. The model presented in this book in comparison with others 43 Other basic questions 48 Conclusion 54 3.

Pragmatics, indirectness, and neg-politeness: a basis for politeness modeling 55 A problem-solving view of pragmatics: S’s problem and H’s problem 56 Simple sentences, propositionals, and pragmatic force 58File Size: 2MB.

Abstract. Directives, utterances designed to get the recipient to do something, are ubiquitous in workplace discourse as well as in daily conversations, and have previously been studied in conjunction with concepts such as politeness, indirectness, entitlement, and : Naomi Geyer.

This book has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef. Sánchez, Karin Vilar Micro-function combination patterns and linguistic adequacy in specialised texts. Babel, Vol.

60, Issue. 1, p. Runciman, W. The sociological explanation of ‘religious’ by:   book, Principles of Pragmatics, introduced the now widely-accepted distinction between pragmalinguistic and sociopragmatic aspects of politeness; this book returns to the pragmalinguistic side, somewhat neglected in recent work.

Drawing on neo-Gricean thinking, Leech rejects the prevalent view that it/5(6). Indirectness is a widely used conversational strategy. People tend to use indirect speech acts mainly in connection with politeness (Leech, ) since they thus diminish the unpleasant message contained in requests and orders for instance.

One of the criticisms against Brown and Levinson’s universal theory of politeness () is the assertion that discernment politeness is more important than volitional politeness in Japanese society (e.g., Ide ; Hill et al. Contrary to this claim, studies that have analyzed actual discourse in the Japanese workplace report abundant volitional politeness.

This book examines the acquisition of requests in English by a seven- year-old Japanese girl during her month residence in Australia. The study focuses on the linguistic repertoire available to the child as she attempts to make requests and.

Although such directives,i.e., conditional one are needed in the discourse under study, unconditional directives are used more heavily. It is because that the general nature of the discourse under study which is in fact a constitution is intended basically to deal with general rather than specific cases.

Chapter Resources Chapter 9 Activity Indirectness in the Bush-Blair dialogue. Read the transcript of the second part of the Blair-Bush dialogue. This involves more sensitive and complex exchanges than part one and as a result there is even greater use of indirect speech functions.

Activity Directives in the workplace. Indirectness and politeness in requests: Same or different? Published on Apr 1, in Journal of Pragmatics DOI: /(87) Copy DOI.Indirect definition, not in a direct course or path; deviating from a straight line; roundabout: an indirect course in sailing.

See more.High-Context Cultures and Indirectness. Thus, Russians fulfill Hall’s characterization of people in high-context systems: they “expect more of others than do the participants in low-context systems” ().

Hall goes on to make the following claim about the linguistic expression of .